California Drunk Driving Defense, 3rd ed. (2001)
By Lawrence Taylor

Contents

Preface
Comment
Acknowledgements
About the Author

 

 

Part One - Crime and Punishment

 


Chapter 1 - The Offense

 

I. Generally

§1:1

The corpus

§1:2

"Drive"

§1:3

"Vehicle"

 

II. Under the Influence

 

A. Under the Influence of Alcohol (Veh C § 23152 (a))

§1:4

In general

§1:5

"Under the Influence" defined

§1:6

Blood-alcohol presumptions

 

B. Over .08% Blood Alcohol Content (Veh C § 23152 (b))

§1:7

In genera

§1:8

Juveniles under 21 with .05% blood-alcohol content

§1:9

Commercial driver with .04% blood-alcohol content

 

C. Under the Influence of Drugs (Veh C § 23152 (a))

§1:10

In general

§1:11

Driving while addicted: Veh C § 23152 (c)

 

III Felony Drunk Driving (Veh C § 23153 (a) and (b))

§1:12

In general

§1:13

Vehicular manslaughter

§1:14

Murder: Watson

§1:15

"Three strikes": Veh C § 23152 with three priors

 

IV. Other Grounds of Liability

§1:16

Attempted drunk driving

§1:17

Accomplice liability

 

V. Defenses

§1:18

In general

§1:19

Double jeopardy

§1:20

Mistake of fact

§1:21

Necessity and duress

§1:22

Entrapment

§1:23

Insanity

 


Chapter 2 - The Sentence

 

I. The Misdemeanor (Veh C § 23152)

§2:1

In general

§2:2

License suspension/restriction

§2:3

DUI school

§2:4

Ignition interlocks

§2:5

Impound and sale of vehicle

 

II. The Felony (Veh C § 23153)

§2:6

In general

§2:7

"Three strikes"

§2:8

Manslaughter and murder

 

III. Sentence Enhancements

§2:9

In general

§2:10

Prior convictions (Veh C § 23152)

§2:11

Prior convictions (Veh C § 23153)

§2:12

Refusal

§2:13

Reckless speeding

§2:14

Child endangerment

§2:15

Over .20% blood-alcohol content

§2:16

Multiple victims

 

IV. Sentencing Issues

§2:17

In general

§2:18

Multiple punishment

§2:19

Defendant's perjury at trial

§2:20

Work furlough

§2:21

Community service and work release

§2:22

Residential alcohol treatment

§2:23

Electronic home detection

 

V. Probation Violatoin

§2:24

In general

 
 

Part Two - License Suspensions and the DMV

 


Chapter 3 - Administrative Suspension

§3:1

In general

§3:2

Drivers under 21: "zero tolerance"

 

II. Refusal To submit to chemical Test

§3:3

In general

§3:4

What constitutes a refusal

 

III. Double Jeopardy and Collateral Estoppel

§3:5

In general

 

 

 


Chapter 4 - The DMV Hearing

 

I. Pretrial Procedures

§4:1

In general

§4:2

Discovery and the subpoena

 

II. Hearing Procedures

§4:3

In general

§4:4

Rules of evidence

 

III. Administrative and Judicial Review

§4:5

In general

 

 

Part Three - Pretrial

 


Chapter 5 - Interview and Arraignment

 

I. Generally

§5:1

The midnight phone call

 

II. The Client Interview

§5:2

In general

§5:3

Educating the client

§5:4

The retainer agreement

 

III. The Arraignment

§5:5

general

§5:6

Plea of "once in jeopardy" (DMV suspension)

 

IV. Evaluating and Plea Bargaining the Case

§5:7

In general; evaluating the case

§5:8 Plea bargaining
 
Chapter 6 - Discovery
  I. Generally
§6:1 In general
§6:2 Police evidence
  II. Blood-Alcohol Evidence
§6:3 In general
§6:4 Obtaining blood or urine sample
§6:5 Obtaining court-ordered analysis and expert testimony
§6:6 Sample discovery motion
  III. Using the DMV Hearing
§6:7 For deposing the officer
 
Chapter 7 - Prior Convictions
  I. Generally
§7:1 In general
  II. Procedure
  A. Factual Requirements
§7:2 In general
§7:3 Bifurcation of trial
  B. Legal Requirements
§7:4 In general; moving to strike the prior
§7:5 Constitutional grounds
§7:6 Procedural requirements
§7:7 The record
  III. Issues as to Specific Priors
§7:8 Uncharged priors
§7:9 The uncounselled prior
§7:10 The juvenile prior
§7:11 Foreign priors
§7:12 Incompetence of prior counsel
§7:13 Sample motion to strike prior conviction
 
Chapter 8 - Suppression of Evidence
  I. Generally
§8:1 In general
  II. Stop, Detention and Arrest
§8:2 In generally; probable cause
§8:3 Sobriety checkpoints
§8:4 Authority to arrest: driving in officer's presence
  III. Incriminating Statements
§8:5 In general; Miranda-Berkemer
§8:6 The corpus rule
§8:7 Refusal to take chemical test
  IV. Field Sobriety Tests
§8:8 In general; Kelley-Frye
§8:9 Mental acuity tests: Muniz
§8:10 Nystagmus
§8:11 Pupil reaction
§8:12 Preliminary breath tests (PBT)
§8:13 Police obstruction of witnesses
§8:14 Tapes, film and photographs
  V. Blood-Alcohol Evidence
§8:15 In general
§8:16 Defective implied consent and advisement
§8:17 Denial of access to counsel
§8:18 Forceful seizure: Schmerber
§8:19 Denial of independent sample
§8:20 Chain of custody
§8:21 Lack of foundation: Title 17
§8:22 Failure to provide discovery

 

  Part Four - Trial
 
Chapter 9 - Jury Selection and Opening Statement
  I. Jury Selectoin
  §9:1 In general
§9:2 Illustrative jury voir dire
§9:3 Sample proposed questions
§9:4 Discovery of prosecution records on jurors
  II. Opening Statement
§9:5 In general; illustration
 
Chapter 10 - Field Evidence: The Arresting Officer
  I. Generally
  A. Generally
§10:1 In general; field evidence and the arresting officer
§10:2 The officer as intoxication expert
§10:3 Preparation
§10:4 Strategy
  B. Officer's Background and Experience
§10:5 General techniques
§10:6 Officer's training and experience
  II. Driving Symptoms
§10:7 In general
§10:8 The NHTSA studies
  III. Physical Symptoms
§10:9 In general
§10:10 Appearance and conduct
§10:11 Odor of alcohol on breath
§10:12 Flushed face
§10:13 Bloodshot eyes
§10:14 Slurred speech
§10:15 The effects of hypoglycemia
  IV. Field Sobriety Tests
  A. Generally
§10:16 In general
§10:17 Performance tests
§10:18 Objective scoring
§10:19 Kelley-Frye and standardized field sobriety tests
§10:20 The NHTSA tests
  B. Eye Impairment Tests
§10:21 In general; pupil reaction
§10:22 Horizontal gaze nystagmus (HGN)
§10:23 Illustrative cross-examination on nystagmus
  V. Preliminary Breath Tests
§10:24 In general
  VI. Special Cross-Examination Techniques
§10:25 In general
§10:26 The infallible cop
§10:27 Selective recall
§10:28 The wedge
§10:29 The magic memory
§10:30 Carbon-copy symptoms
§10:31 The disappearing sway
§10:32 The negative pregnant
§10:33 Reverse impairment
§10:34 The rigged scoreboard
§10:35 The bomb
§10:36 Field evidence and the arresting officer
  VII. Defense Police Expert
§10:37 In general
 
Chapter 11 - Chemical Evidence: The Forensic Chemist
  I. Generally; Blood-Alcohol Analysis
§11:1 In general
§11:2 Blood-alcohol absorption
§11:3 The fallacy of the average person
§11:4 Individual tolerance
§11:5 Women and alcohol
§11:6 The rising blood-alcohol concentration (BAC) curve
§11:7 Retrograde extrapolation
§11:8 Food, cigarettes and alcohol metabolism
§11:9 The zinc factor
§11:10 Internally produced alcohol
§11:11 Radio frequency interference (RFI)
§11:12 Inherent error
  II. Breath Analysis
  A. Generally
§11:13 In general
§11:14 The blood-breath partition ratio
§11:15 Nonspecific analysis
§11:16 Testing during the absorptive state
§11:17 Mouth alcohol
§11:18 Hematocrit
§11:19 Body temperature
§11:20 Breathing pattern
§11:21 Stress
§11:22 Simulator calibration
§11:23 Ambient air
  B. Breath Analysis Machines
§11:24 In general
§11:25 The Intoxilyzer 5000
§11:26 The Intoximeter 3000
  III. Blood Analysis
§11:27 In general
§11:28 Sterilization
§11:29 Fermentation
§11:30 Whole blood vs. serum/plasma
§11:31 Arterial vs. venous blood
  IV. Urinalysis
§11:32 In general
§11:33 The urine:blood ratio
§11:34 The incomplete void
§11:35 Candida albicans
  V. Cross-Examination Techniques
  A. Generally
§11:36 In general
§11:37 The smart machine
§11:38 The spiked aspirin
§11:39 Close enough for government work
§11:40 How infrared works — and why it doesn't
§11:41 The defective warranty
§11:42 RFI magic
§11:43 A ton of beer
§11:44 The invisible breath sample
§11:45 Wonder blood
§11:46 Purple urine
  B. Illustrative Cross-Examination of Expert
§11:47 In general
§11:48 Transcript of cross-examination of an expert
§11:49 Illustrative cross-examination of Intoxilyzer operator
  VI. The Defense Blood-Alcohol Expert
§11:50 In general
§11:51 Preparing the defense expert for cross-examination
§11:52 Illustrative direct examination of defense expert
 
Chapter 12 - The Lay Witness; Defendant Witness
  I. Generally; Percipient Witness
§12:1 In general
§12:2 Lay opinion of intoxication
§12:3 Illustrative cross-examination of percipient witness
  II. Sobriety Witness
§12:4 In general
§12:5 Preparing the sobriety witness for cross-examination
§12:6 Illustrative direct examination of sobriety witness
  III. Defendant
§12:7 In general; should the defendant testify?
§12:8 Preparing the defendant
§12:9 Illustrative direct examination of defendant
 
Chapter 13 - Jury Instructions and Argument
§13:1 Jury instructions
§13:2 CALJIC instructions
§13:3 Closing argument

 

  Bibliography
  Table of Statutes
  Table of Cases
  Index